Antenatal Care is also known as Prenatal Care. Antenatal care is the care which is given to mother and baby during pregnancy. Women who think they might conceive or be pregnant should visit a gynaecologist to start antenatal care. Prenatal care is very important to avoid complications during pregnancy for both mother and the child. Blood tests, imaging tests and ultrasound exams are included in prenatal care. The visits during antenatal care also include counsellings, discussions about mother's health, the fetus’s health as well as any questions relating to the pregnancy. With regular antenatal care, mothers can reduce the risk of miscarriages . Antenatal care is beneficial for both the mother and child as it promotes a healthy lifestyle.
Normal Delivery is also known as Vaginal Delivery. Normal delivery is the most recommended and safest for women who have reached full term of pregnancy . Normal delivery doesn't include any surgical procedure.and so is the simplest delivery process and it also allows the body to recover the quickest. Any woman with a healthy lifestyle and normal blood pressure can give a vaginal birth to the baby.It is more beneficial than any other type of delivery as it is healthier for the mother and baby, it also stimulates lactation and ensures that the child ingests all protective bacteria from the birth canal.
In C Section delivery , the baby is delivered surgically by making an incision in the mother’s abdomen. It is also called cesarean section. When due to certain medical conditions or emergencies, it is too risky for a normal vaginal delivery, the doctor asks for C-section delivery. Medical emergencies can be when the baby shows signs of fetal distress or the baby passes stool in the uterus, or the mother is tired of long labour, or if the baby’s oxygen supply is cut off as the umbilical cord slips through the cervix.
When there are certain complications or medical conditions that can affect the health of both the mother and the baby, the pregnancy is considered a high risk pregnancy . High risk pregnancy needs critical evaluation, close monitoring and timely intervention so that there is minimum risk and the best outcome for the mother and the baby. Age is a common risk factor for high-risk pregnancies in the mother-to-be. Pregnancy either under the age of 17 or over the age of 35 are at a greater risk of a high-risk pregnancy. Medical conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, lung, kidney, heart problems etc. and medical conditions that during pregnancy such as preeclampsia and gestational diabetes can also cause high-risk-pregnancy.
Recurrent Pregnancy Loss is also known as recurrent miscarriage or habitual abortion. It is a condition when there are two or more clinical pregnancy losses/miscarriages before the pregnancies that have reached 20 weeks. Miscarriages can be diagnosed through an ultrasound. Early miscarriages can be because of genetic abnormalities in the embryo or the fetus or abnormalities in the shape of the woman’s uterus. Smoking, having alcohol or use of certain recreational drugs and untreated medical conditions can also increase the chances of recurrent pregnancy loss.
An ectopic pregnancy is the one where the fertilized egg implants and grows outside the main uterine canal. As it is impossible for fertilised eggs to survive outside the uterus, if it is left to grow, it can damage the organs nearby while also causing life-threatening blood loss. Ectopic pregnancy can be because of scarring of fallopian tubes from previous surgery or infection, genetic abnormalities, hormonal factors, birth defects and medical conditions that has affected the fallopian tubes and reproductive organs.