Preeclampsia disorder can be dangerous in pregnancy: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
The entire period of pregnancy is filled with a variety of good and painful experiences for a pregnant woman. As the time of 9 months progresses, the number and nature of these experiences also increases. When the 3rd trimester of pregnancy starts, if the pregnant woman has a severe headache and vision problems, then it can be symptoms of preeclampsia. A pregnant woman ignores the health problems during pregnancy, thinking that it is common in pregnancy, but there are some health conditions which can become fatal if ignored and Preeclampsia is one such condition that occurs only during pregnancy.
What is Preeclampsia?
Pre-eclampsia is a hypertension disorder that can occur to a pregnant woman after the 20th week of pregnancy. In this situation, the woman’s blood pressure suddenly increases and the amount of protein in urine also increases. This blood pressure disorder is considered serious, as it can affect the liver and kidney of pregnant. High blood pressure and high protein content in urine after 20 weeks of pregnancy are some of the main symptoms of preeclampsia. Preeclampsia affects at least five to eight percent of pregnant women.
What are the causes of preeclampsia?
This is not a common problem. Preeclampsia during pregnancy can happen due to some reasons like-
- High blood pressure or preeclampsia during a previous pregnancy
- High blood pressure before conception
- Kidney failure
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Urinary tract infection
- Multiple sclerosis
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Gestational diabetes
Symptoms of pre-eclampsia
Women usually do not know about preeclampsia. Information about this problem is obtained only after medical examination. Therefore it is important to know the symptoms of preeclampsia so that treatment can be done in time.
- High blood pressure
- Protein in urine
- Sudden weight gain
- Swelling around hands and feet
- Constant headache
- Extreme vomiting and nausea
- Stomach pain
- Shortness of breath
- Blurry Vision
Diagnosis of pre-eclampsia
Often pre-eclampsia symptoms may be different from normal pregnancy symptoms. Therefore, it is important to diagnose this problem. Pre-eclampsia can be diagnosed by the methods described below.
- Checking of Blood pressure
- Urine Test
- Blood Test
What is the treatment of preeclampsia?
If a pregnant woman is diagnosed with preeclampsia early on and the infant has not fully developed, the doctor may recommend the following:
- Lie mostly on the left side or relax.
- To control blood pressure, take medicines with the advice of a Gynecologist.
- Get a medical examination done as soon as possible.
- Reduce salt intake.
- Take a diet with more protein on a Gynecologist’s advice.
Will I fully recover from pre-eclampsia?
Yes, pre-eclampsia can be completely cured. Most women have their blood pressure become normal within a few days after delivery. The symptoms of pre-eclampsia are completely eliminated in one to six weeks from delivery.
How to prevent preeclampsia
Prenatal care and not forgetting any pre-scheduled visits with a Gynecologist is the key to prevention of preeclampsia. To keep away the health problems, you need to keep a close watch on your blood pressure and the amount of protein in your urine. As soon as the first symptoms of preeclampsia appear, alert your doctor so that treatment can be started without delay. Depending on the severity of the condition, the number of weeks, and the condition of the baby, your doctor will determine the course of treatment. This will include several urine tests and blood pressure monitoring.